# what is the difference between kw and kva?

The amount of ‘real power’ in an electrical system is measured in **kW**. This demonstrates how much power is turned into useful, working output.

KVA, on the other hand, is a unit of measurement for ‘apparent’ power. If kW is the maximum amount of electricity you can work with, **kVA** is the total amount of power consumed in the system.

If an electrical system’s efficiency is ideal, then kW equals kVA. However, because no system is perfectly efficient, not all visible power is turned into useful output.

## what are the differences between kw and kva?

**What is the difference between kW vs kVA in generators?** Real power in electrical systems is measured in kW, showing useful output. KVA measures ‘apparent’ power, which differs from actual usage. We’ll go through the various aspects in greater depth below.

### kva

The total amount of power consumed in a system, such as a generator, is read as kVA, or kilo-volt-amperes. KW, or kilowatts, equals kVA when such a system is efficient. Electrical systems, on the other hand, are never completely efficient, which means that only a percentage of the perceived power is converted into functioning output. A kVA is equivalent to 1,000-volt amps, where a volt is used to measure electrical pressure, and an amp is used to measure electrical current.

### kw

A kW is the actual power output of an electrical system. It is a much more common unit of measurement for the vast majority of other electrical equipment, such as regular household items. A kW, or working power, is the amount of power that can do valid work.

## the specific difference between kw and kva

### kw stands for kilowatts.

- It is the unit of actual electric power.
- It is essentially a measurement of the true power consumed by the load.
- Kilowatts are proportional to the power factor of the load.
- Motors, lighting, and other home equipment are measured in kW.

### kva stands for kilo-volt amperes.

- In an alternating current (AC) system, the visible power unit is the kVA.
- In kVA, the amount of power that alternators, transformers, and UPS can give to the load that is connected to them is measured.
- KVA is unaffected by the load power factor.
- Alternators, transformers, inverters, and UPS units are all measured in kVA.

### kw to kva conversion

To convert kW to kVA, first establish the efficiency of the system (or power factor). The power factor (pf) is a 0-to-1 scale. On average, a generator has a power factor of 0.8.

**Calculation formula** for converting kW to kVA is kW / pdf = kVA. 200 kW / 0.8 pf = 250 kVA, for example.

The following is the calculation formula for converting kva to kw: **kVA x pf = kW, therefore 250 kVA x 0.8 pf = 200 kW**.

While having a firm idea of the generator size you require is beneficial, don’t be alarmed if you’re unclear or don’t feel competent converting between kW and kVA yourself.

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### Which is more important, kw or kva?

The real power unit is kW, and the apparent power unit is kVA. Because the established and known power factor is an estimate figure (typically 0.8), the kVA value will always be greater than the kW value in kW to kVA conversions.

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### KVA and KW relation for AC and DC circuits?

In a DC circuit, the power factor is always 1 because the voltage and current are in phase. So kVA and kW are directly equal.

**kW (DC) = kVA (DC)**

In an AC circuit, the relationship between kVA and kW is affected by the power factor (PF), which is a measure of how efficiently electricity is used. The power factor is the cosine of the phase angle (θ) between the voltage and current waveforms.

The relationship can be expressed as:

**kW (AC) = kVA (AC) × Power Factor (PF)**

## contacts MATCHUP

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